Hecate is that most elusive of Goddesses, and also, one of the most disturbing. She has had a continuous presence in the Western literary imagination for the last three millennia and for most of this time her associations have been with the darker side of that already twilight world of magic and the supernatural, of spells and herbal lore in short with all that has come to be associated with our understanding of witchcraft. But in her earliest literary incarnation, sometime in the 7th – 8th centuries BCE, she was a ‘great goddess’, a figure commanding the respect of even Zeus, the ‘father of the gods’, himself. Zeus, we are told, “honored Hecate above all....” (Theogony 411-415), he recognizes her pre-existing power and authority and not only ‘confirms’ her in these powers but adds still more to them. This early attribution of power and independence to the goddess strongly suggests a powerful pre-existence somewhere quite apart from the world of Greek religion and myth, and yet where and when could this have been?